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Lesson 5

Text 
Pronunciation 
Vocabulary 
Grammar 
Exercise 
Exercise Answers

 

Text

  1. Diruz raftim xarid.
  2. Ci xaridi ?
  3. Man kafš xaridam, Bijan lebăs xarid.
  4. Xeyli šoluq bud.
  5. Havă ăli bud.
  6. Tu ye otobus šahriar ro didim.
  7. U ma ro nadid.
  8. Ba'ad az xarid raftim năhăr xordim.

Pronunciation

ă   arthur, art
š   shell, she
x   Spanish jose, or Dutch goede
c   chair, check
e   let, check
q   French rouge

 

Vocabulary

Persian English   Persian English
Diruz Yesterday   Didim We saw
Raftim We went   Nadid Did not see
Xarid Shopping    
Xaridi You (singular) bought   Ba'ad After
Kafš Shoe   Az Of
Lebăs Clothe   Xordim We ate
Xaridam I bought   U He/She
Xeyli Very   Ma We
šoluq Crowded   Ma ro Us
Havă Weather      
Ăli Excellent      
Bud Was      

Grammar

Root   English   Past Tense Root
kăr kardan   to work   kăr kard
raftan   to go   raft
didan   to see   did
xordan   to eat   xord
xaridan   to buy   xarid
ămadan   to come   ămad
Sahriăr ră didim.   We saw Shahriar.
U mă ro nadid.   He did not see us.
xord-am   I ate         did-am I saw         raft-am I went
xord-i   You ate         did-i You saw         raft-i You went
xord   He/She ate         did He/She saw         raft He/She went
xord-im   We ate         did-im We saw         raft-im We went
xord-id   You ate         did-id You saw         raft-id You went
xord-and   They ate         did-and They saw         raft-and They went
Did   He/She saw   Nadid He/She did not see
Ămadim   We came   Nayămadim We did not come
Raftand   They went   Naraftand They did not go
 
Did o bazdid     To have visitors and to go visit    
Raft o Ămad     To socialize, to go to people's houses, and have people come to yours    
 

 

Exercise

Translate the following to Persian :

  1. We worked a lot yesterday.
  2. Last night it rained.
  3. Bijan came yesterday.
  4. I saw Nasrin. She did not see me.
  5. Nasrin made dinner.
  6. The children did not go shopping.
  7. It was not very crowded.

Exercise Answers

  1. Diruz xeyli kăr kardim.
  2. Dišab băroon ămad.
  3. Bijan diruz ămad.
  4. Man Nasrin ro didam. U man ro nadid.
  5. Nasrin šăm dorost kard.
  6. Bacce ha xarid naraftand.
  7. Xeyli šoluq nabud.

Lesson 4 Lesson 6

 

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