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Lesson 8

Text 
Pronunciation 
Vocabulary 
Grammar 
Exercise 
Exercise Answers

 

Text

  1. Ce xune ye qašangi !
  2. Năhărxori o ăšpazxune păyin e, se tă otăq-xăb bălă.
  3. Do tă hamum dare. Yeki bălă, yeki păyin.
  4. In xune az un yeki bozorgtar e, vali un yeki qašangtar az in e.
  5. Căhăr tă bacce tu hayăt băzi mikonand.
  6. Un xune panj tă otăq-xăb dare.
  7. Šiš-kabăb dust dări ?
  8. Boro Haft-Sin ro becin.
  9. Părsăl tu Florida yek hašt-pă didim.
  10. Băbak riyăzi noh gerefte, gerye mikone.
  11. Dojin yani davăzdah tă.
  12. Sizdah ruz ba'ad az Nowruz ro migan Sideh-be-dar.

 

Pronunciation

ă   arthur, art
š   shell, she
x   Spanish jose, or Dutch goede
c   chair, check
e   let, check
q   French rouge

Vocabulary

Persian English   Persian English
Ce what   sin the letter s
xăne, xune house   Haft-sin Persian New Year table with seven items whose names start with letter s
qašang beautiful   cidan to set
năhăr lunch   becin Set ! (imperative)
năhărxori dining room   Părsăl last year
ăšpaz cook (noun)   yek one
poxtan to cook   hašt eight
paz cook ! (imperative root)   hašt pă octopus
păyin down, downstairs   riyăzi math
se three   noh nine
fold, times (as in two-fold, three times)   gerye kardan to cry
otăq room   gereftan to get
xăb sleep   riyăzi noh gerefte He got a 9 (out of 20) in math
otăq-xăb bedroom   dojin dozen
do tă two (two-fold)   davăzdah twelve
hamăm, hamum bath   sizdah thirteen
bozorg big   ba'ad after
bozorgtar bigger   miguyand, migan they say, they call it
az of, from   Sizdeh-be-dar picnic day on the thirteenth day of the Persian New Year
bozorgtar az bigger than   săl year
in xune this house   emsăl this year
un yeki that one   săl e digar (dige) Next year
qašangtar prettier, more beautiful      
vali but      
căhăr four      
hayăt yard      
băzi play      
băzi kardan to play      
panj five      
băzi kardan to play      
Šiš six      
Haft seven      

Grammar

Xănei ră mibinam. I see a house. (remember that ră indicates direct object)
Yek xăne ră mibinam. I see one house.
Xăne ră mibinam. I see the house.

  yek bacce one child
  do tă bacce two children
  se tă xune three houses
dah ten yăzdah eleven
davăzdah twelve sizdah thirteen
căhardah fourteen pănzdah (or punzdah) fifteen
šănzdah (or šunzdah) sixteen hevdah (or hivdah) seventeen
hejdah (or hijdah) eighteen nuzdah nineteen

bist twenty bist o yek twenty one
si thirty si o do thirty two
cehel forty cehel o se forty three
panjăh fifty
šast sixty
haftăd seventy
haštăd eighty
navad ninety

sad hundred sad o bist o yek hundred and twenty one
devist two hundred devist o si o do two hundred and thirty two
sisad three hundred sisad o cehel o se three hundred and forty three
căhărsad four hundred
pănsad fifty
šešsad six hundred
haftsad seven hundred
haštsad eight hundred
nohsad nine hundred
hezăr thousand
hezăr o căhărsad o navad o do 1492
hezăr o haštsad o davăzdah 1812
do hezăr o hašt 2008
se hezăr o šănzdah 3016

Exercise

Translate the following to Persian :

  1. I see fourteen houses.
  2. He/She has five children.
  3. This house has four bedrooms.
  4. That one has two bathrooms.
  5. This house is bigger than that one.
  6. Băbak is older (bigger) than Nimă.
  7. I saw a child.
  8. I bought a book.
  9. One thousand and one nights.
  10. Two thousand and five hundred years.
  11. Children are playing in the yard.
  12. Three children are playing in the yard.

Exercise Answers

  1. Căhărdah tă xăne mibinam.
  2. U panj tă bacce dărad.
  3. In xăne căhăr tă otăq-xăb dărad.
  4. Un yeki do tă hamăm dărad.
  5. In xăne az ăn yeki bozorgtar ast.
  6. Băbak az Nimă bozorgtar ast.
  7. Bacce i ră didam.
  8. Yek ketăb xaridam.
  9. Hezăr o yek šab.
  10. Do hezăr o pănsad săl.
  11. Bacce hă tu hayăt băzi mikonand.
  12. Se tă bacce tu hayăt băzi mikonand.

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